Eating right for Kidney health
Eating Right for Kidney Health:
What you eat and drink can help slow down kidney disease. Some foods are better for your kidneys than others. Cooking and preparing your food from scratch can help you eat healthier. These tips will help you eat right as you manage your Kidney Diseases. The First Steps to Eating Right are important for all people with KD. The Next Steps to Eat Right may become important as your kidneys slow down.
The First Steps to Eat Right
Step 1: Choose and prepare foods with less salt and sodium.
Why? To help control your blood pressure. Your diet should contain less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day.Buy fresh food more often. Sodium (a part of salt) is added to many packaged foods.Use spices, herbs, and sodium-free seasonings in place of salt.
Check the Nutrition Facts label on food packages for sodium. A Daily Value of 20% or more means the food is high in sodium.Try lower-sodium versions of frozen dinners and other convenience foods.Rinse canned vegetables, beans, meats, and fish with water before eating.
Look for food labels that say:
Very low sodium
Reduced or less sodium
Light in sodium
No salt added
Step 2: Eat the right amount and the right types of protein.
Why? To help protect your kidneys.
Eat small portions of protein foods.
Protein is found in foods from plants and animals. Talk to your dietitian about how to choose the right combination for you.
Step 3: Choose foods that are healthy for your heart.
Why? To help keep fat from building up in your blood vessels, heart, and kidneys.
Grill, broil, bake, roast, or stir-fry foods, instead of deep frying.
Cook with nonstick cooking spray or a small amount of olive oil instead of butter.
Trim fat from meat and remove skin from poultry before eating.
Lean cuts of meat, like loin or round
Poultry without the skin
Low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese
The Next Steps to Eating Right
If your kidneys slow down, you may need to eat foods that are lower in phosphorus and potassium. use lab tests to watch your levels.
Step 4: Choose foods with less phosphorus
Why? To help protect your bones and blood vessels.
Many packaged foods have added phosphorus. Look for phosphorus—or for words with “PHOS”—on ingredient labels.
some fresh meat and poultry can have added phosphorus. Ask the butcher to help you pick fresh meats without added phosphorus.
Foods Lower in Phosphorus:
Fresh fruits and vegetables
Breads, pasta, rice
Rice milk (not enriched)
Corn and rice cereals
Foods Higher in Phosphorus:
Meat, poultry, fish
Bran cereals and oatmeal
Beans, lentils, nuts
Step 5: Choose foods that have the right amount of potassium.
Why? To help your nerves and muscles work the right way.
Salt substitutes can be very high in potassium. Read the ingredient label. Check with your provider about using salt substitutes.
Drain canned fruits and vegetables before eating.
Foods Lower in Potassium:
Carrots, green beans
White bread and pasta
Rice milk (not enriched)
Cooked rice and wheat cereals
Foods Higher in Potassium
Brown and wild rice
Whole wheat bread
Beans and nuts