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Eating right for Kidney health

Eating right for Kidney health

2017-05-05

Eating Right for Kidney Health: 

                               What you eat and drink can help slow down kidney disease. Some foods are better for your kidneys than others. Cooking and preparing your food from scratch can help you eat healthier. These tips will help you eat right as you manage your Kidney Diseases. The First Steps to Eating Right are important for all people with KD. The Next Steps to Eat Right may become important as your kidneys slow down.

 The First Steps to Eat Right

  Step 1: Choose and prepare foods with less salt and sodium. 

               Why? To help control your blood pressure. Your diet should contain less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day.Buy fresh food more often. Sodium (a part of salt) is added to many packaged foods.Use spices, herbs, and sodium-free seasonings in place of salt.

Check the Nutrition Facts label on food packages for sodium. A Daily Value of 20% or more means the food is high in sodium.Try lower-sodium versions of frozen dinners and other convenience foods.Rinse canned vegetables, beans, meats, and fish with water before eating.

Look for food labels that say:

Sodium free

Salt free

Very low sodium

Low sodium

Reduced or less sodium

Light in sodium

No salt added

Unsalted

Lightly salted

 Step 2: Eat the right amount and the right types of protein.

               Why? To help protect your kidneys.

Eat small portions of protein foods.

Protein is found in foods from plants and animals. Talk to your dietitian about how to choose the right combination for you.

 Animal-protein Foods:

Chicken

Fish

Meat

Eggs

Dairy

 Plant-protein Foods:

Beans

Nuts

Grains

 Step 3: Choose foods that are healthy for your heart.

             Why? To help keep fat from building up in your blood vessels, heart, and kidneys.

Grill, broil, bake, roast, or stir-fry foods, instead of deep frying.

Cook with nonstick cooking spray or a small amount of olive oil instead of butter.

Trim fat from meat and remove skin from poultry before eating.

 Heart-healthy Foods:

Lean cuts of meat, like loin or round

Poultry without the skin

Fish

Beans

Vegetables

Fruits

Low-fat milk, yogurt, cheese

 The Next Steps to Eating Right

 If your kidneys slow down, you may need to eat foods that are lower in phosphorus and potassium. use lab tests to watch your levels.

 Step 4: Choose foods with less phosphorus 

               Why? To help protect your bones and blood vessels.

 Many packaged foods have added phosphorus. Look for phosphorus—or for words with “PHOS”—on ingredient labels.

some fresh meat and poultry can have added phosphorus. Ask the butcher to help you pick fresh meats without added phosphorus.

 Foods Lower in Phosphorus:

Fresh fruits and vegetables

Breads, pasta, rice

Rice milk (not enriched)

Corn and rice cereals

Light-colored sodas/pop

 Foods Higher in Phosphorus:

Meat, poultry, fish

Bran cereals and oatmeal

Dairy foods

Beans, lentils, nuts

Colas

 Step 5: Choose foods that have the right amount of potassium.

            Why? To help your nerves and muscles work the right way.

Salt substitutes can be very high in potassium. Read the ingredient label. Check with your provider about using salt substitutes.

Drain canned fruits and vegetables before eating.

Foods Lower in Potassium:

Apples, peaches

Carrots, green beans

White bread and pasta

White rice

Rice milk (not enriched)

Cooked rice and wheat cereals

Foods Higher in Potassium

Oranges, bananas

Potatoes, tomatoes

Brown and wild rice

Bran cereals

Dairy foods

Whole wheat bread

Beans and nuts