You can take a number of precautions to prevent heat exhaustion and other heat-related illnesses.
When temperature rises, wear loose fitting, lightweight clothing. Wearing excess clothing or clothing that fits tightly won’t allow your body to cool properly.
Protect against the sun. Avoid the midday sun. Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool itself. Protect yourself outdoors with a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses and use a broad-spectrum sunscreen. Avoid going out in the mid day sun when the sun’s rays are most intense.
Drink plenty of fluids. Staying hydrated will help your body sweat and maintain a normal body temperature.
Try to schedule exercise or physical labor for cooler parts of the day, such as early morning or evening. Limit time spent working or exercising in heat.
Be cautious if you’re on any medication. If you take medications or have a condition that increases your risk of heat-related problems, such as a history of previous heat illness, avoid the heat and act quickly if you notice symptoms of overheating.
Avoid excessive salty, spicy, sour, hot and pungent food. Avoid hot beverages as it is unbalancing for Pitta dosha.
Avoid skipping meals, but do not overeat. Take light meals and do not get dehydrated.
Drink coconut water. It’s great for hydration and neutralizes acid so it can also help with heartburn and acid reflux.
When it comes to exercise, especially during Pitta season, don’t over-exert yourself, especially by running in the hot afternoon sun. Reduce anything that heats the body. That includes saunas, steam rooms, hot showers and hot spicy foods. Stay out of the hot midday sun.
Take walks in the cool mornings or evening under the moonlight after dinner. Do deep breathing exercises and meditation. Enjoy the following cooling recipes to stay hydrated in the heat.